Kashere Journal of Education


My Account


Authors: Adamu, I. A., Bala, M.

Journal Article | Publish Date: 01/June/2021


Abstract The aim of the study is to assess the preparedness, readiness and challenges for online education amid covid-19 pandemic, the study adopted qualitative research and the design used for the study was instrumental case study. The participants were final year undergraduate business education students’ department of vocational and technology education Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi. The sampling technique used was purposeful sampling to select six (6) participants, three from the students and three from the academic staff. The researcher with the help of one (1) research assistant conducted face to face interview using semi structured form, with few open-ended questions. Data collected were analyzed using thematic analysis for interview and content analysis for the document. The result of the study revealed that lecturer’s preparedness, readiness and challenges for online education required possession of pedagogical skills to delivered online education using virtual classes and to address fear of cost, fear of acceptance, technophobia and lack of awareness as the impediments hindering online education. It was also revealed that students’ preparedness, readiness and challenges for online education required ability to adapt to changes of moving to online education. The result further revealed that lecturers and student’s preparedness, readiness and challenges required increase in connectivity of network and providing affordable access to network for online education. Based on the findings it was recommended that Government, Private sector, Universities, Non-Governmental organizations and Stakeholders should ensure on the job training of lecturers, sensitization and enlighten of student, supportive programmes, increase wider coverage of internet services and reducing internet charges rate to make it affordable. Keywords: Assessment, Challenges, COVID-19, Lecturers, Pandemic, Preparedness, Readiness


Baiyere, A., & Li, H. (2016). Application of a virtual collaborative environment in a teaching case. In AMCIS 2016: Surfing the IT Innovation Wave - 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems.

Bazeley, P. & Jackson, K. (2013) Qualitative Data Analysis with NVivo London: Sage Publications (2nded).

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research.4th ed. Edwards Brothers, Inc. United States of America.

Daly, J., Kellehear, A., & Gliksman, M. (1997) The public health researcher: A methodological approach. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. pp. 611–618.

Faherty, L. J., Schwatz, H. L., Ahmed, F., Zheteyeva, Y., Uzicanin, A. & Uscher-pines, L. (2019). School and preparedness officials’ perspectives on social distancing practices to reduce influenza transmission during a pandemic: Considerations to guide future work. Preventive Medicine Reports, 14 (December 2018), 100871 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100871.

Fereday, J. & Elimear M. (2006). Demonstrating Rigor Using Thematic Analysis: A Hybrid Approach of Inductive and Deductive Coding and Theme Development. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 5(1), 67-75.

Freire, P. (1998). Pedagogy of freedom: Ethics, democracy, and civic courage. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Germann, T. C., Gao, H., Gambhir, M., Plummer, A., & Uzicanin, A. (2019). ‘School dismissal as a pandemic influenza response: When, where and for how long?’, Epidemics, 28 (June), 100348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epidem.2019.100348.

McNiff, K. (2016). What is Qualitative Research?. The NVivo Blog. QSR International Retrieved March 12, 2017.

Meyer, N., & Bradley, D. (2013). Collaboratively Teaching Intellectual Freedom to Education Students Education Libraries. 36 (1), 24-30.

Mnyanyi, C. B. F., & Mbwette, T. S. A. (2009). Open and Distance Learning in Developing Countries: The Past, The Present and The Future. Open University of Tanzania: Dares salaam. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu doi=

Muirhead, W. (2000). Online education in schools. International Journal of Educational Management, 14(7), 315-324. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540010378969.

Qi, W. (2017). Evaluating a virtual collaborative environment for interactive distance teaching and learning: A case study. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, book series (SIST, Volume 64). 11-18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50212-0_2.

Salman, M. E., Yahaya, L. A. & Adewara, A. A. (2011). Mathematics education in Nigeria: Gender and spatial dimensions of enrolment. International Journal of Educational Science. 3(1), 15-20.

Seda, T. & Guler, G. (2014). The Importance of the Open and Distance Education in terms of the Women's Preferences of Professional Field and the Women Employment. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 6(1), 12-23.

Sintema, E. J. (2020). Effect of COVID-19 on the Performance of Grade 12 Students: Implications for STEM Education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(7), em1851 https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/7893.

Thamarana, S. (2016). Role of E-learning and Virtual Learning Environment in English language learning Role of E-learning and Virtual Learning Environment in English. Research Scholar, 1(1), 1-8. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4665.1122.

UNESCO (2003). Education Webmaster World Conference on Higher Education Framework and Action. Retrieved from www.com.@yahoo on August 22nd 2020.

United Nation (2004). UN Global E-Government readiness report towards access for opportunity United Nation; New York.

Uscher-Pines, L., Schwatz, H. L., Ahmed, F., Zheteyeva, Y., Meza, E., Baker, G., & Uzicanin, A., (2018). School practices to promote social distancing in K-12 schools: Review of influenza pandemic policies and practices. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1-13. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5302-3.

Journal Management System


Browse Articles By: