Kashere Journal of Education


My Account

Journal Management System


Browse Articles By:

Instruction for Authors

Review of Manuscript

All manuscripts are peer reviewed by the editor and members of the editorial board or qualified outside reviewers. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within 2- 3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision and after revision. It is the goal of the Kashere Journal of Education (KJE) to publish quality manuscripts and within stipulated period of time.

Presentation of Manuscripts

All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered consecutively starting from the title page at the centre bottom. Manuscripts should be written in English, on one side of A4 paper. The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm. Laser jet quality print is essential, and font size 12 of Times New Roman should be used. All measurements must be given in SI units. Abbreviations should be used sparingly and only where they ease the reader’s task by reducing repetition of long, technical terms. Initially use the word in full, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter use the abbreviation. All articles submitted to the journal must comply with the instructions. Failure to do so will result in return of the manuscript and possible delay or rejection in publication. Manuscripts should be written so that they are understandable to the professional reader who is not a specialist in the particular field. Where contributions are judged as acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific content, the Editorial Board reserves the right to modify typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision. Papers for consideration can be submitted in hard copies to: The Editor-in-Chief, c/o Dean’s Office, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria or required as Microsoft word copy as attachment to the following e-mail address: educationjournal@fukashere.edu.ng


The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and e-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.


The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs and the third person should be used and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited in the abstract. Following the abstract, about 5 to 6 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed. A list of non-standard abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelt out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.


Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Back to top


Methodology should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.


Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)'s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section. However, both the results and discussion sections can be combined.


The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.

Conclusions and Recommendation

The conclusion and recommendations should be precise and to the point in few sentences.


The Acknowledgments of people, organizations, grants, funds, etc should be brief.


typed single-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.

Figure or legends

Figure or legend should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper-case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

Back to top


a reference identified by means of an author’s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author’s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al’. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower-case letter like ‘a’ and ‘b’ after the date to distinguish the works.

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., S. G. Ado, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, personal communication). Journal names are written in full and italicized. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Examples of correct references: Saleh M. K (2003). Agro-forestry diagnostic survey in the semi-arid areas of Yobe State of Nigeria, Nigeria Journal of Agricultural Education, 14(2): 59-69. Izge A. U, Kadams A. M, Gungula D. T (2007). Heterosis and inheritance of quantitative characters in a diallel cross of pearl millet (Pennisetumglaucum L.), Journal of Education, 6 (2): 278-285.

Citing References in the Text

Whenever citing a reference in the text source, it is made with its author’s surname and the year of publication is to be inserted in the text. Choose from the listed below to see examples: Citing the author in the text, using direct quotes, citing works by more than one author, citing works by three or more authors, citing a chapter of section, citing an organization, citing works by the same author written in the same year.

Citing the Author in the Text

Genetic engineering is simply the practical manipulation and application of genes for the purpose intended (Izge, 2008). If the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence the year is given in brackets. Izge (2008) stated that genetic engineering is simply the practical manipulation and application of genes for the purpose intended.

Back to top

Using Direct Quotes

If you quote directly from a source, you must insert the author’s name, date of publication and the page number of the quotation. Genetic engineering is simply the practical manipulation and application of genes for the purpose intended (Izge, 2008).

Citing works by more than one Author

If your source has two authors, you should include both names in the text. Narver and Slater (1990) state that “The idea behind the new model is that superior market performance results from superior skills in understanding the customer.”

Citing works by three or more Authors

If there are three or more authors, you should include the first named author and then add ‘et al.’ in italics followed by a full stop. This is an abbreviation of ‘et alia’ which means ‘and others’ in Latin. On thenet, it was studied that direct-to-consumer sales on sites opt to overstress benefits in advertisements (Gollust et al., 2003).

Citing Chapter or Section

When referring to a chapter or section which is part of a larger work, you should cite the author of the chapter not the editor of the whole work. The sea level has risen by approximately 10cm in the last 100 years (Mason, 1999).

Citing an Organization

If an organization or company (e.g., Department of Agriculture, Dangote Group Limited) is named as the author of a work rather than a person, you should cite their names. Make sure that you use the same version of the organizations name in both the Text and List of references (e.g., always use ‘Department of Agriculture’, don’t abbreviate to ‘DOA’). Nigeria became a member of the United Nations in 1960 (United Nations, 2000).

Citing Secondary Sources

When citing secondary sources (i.e., an author refers to a work which you have not read) cite the secondary source, but include the name of the author and date of publication of the original source in the text. Only the secondary source should be listed in your List of references. You should only cite secondary sources if you are unable to read the original source yourself. Okonta (1993) notes that Nintendo invested heavily in advertising (cited in Low et al., 2003, p.138).

Proofs and Reprints

Electronic proofs will be sent as e-mail attachment to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Hard copies are also produced and would be available free for principal authors. Other authors or the general public can obtain a copy at the rate of N5000 per a copy. Copyright Submission of a manuscript implies; that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer the copyright to the publisher. Fees and Charges Authors are required to pay a N5000 or 15 US Dollar nonrefundable article processing charge and a sum of N20, 000 or 60 US Dollar page charges when the paper is finally accepted for publication. Any paper exceeding 8 typeset pages will attract an additional charge of N5000 or 15 US Dollar /page.